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The Dobermann breed belongs to the Pinscher group. It originated in Germany. Its name comes from the surname of the first breeder - Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann. The dogs he bred often served as guard dogs and police dogs because of their alertness. Apart from that, they were also used as hunters to get rid of large rodents.


There are two different Dobermann breeding lines in the world:


European breeding line

The European Dobermann is characterised by a strong body built and a large weight (male dogs weigh up to 50 kg).


American breeding line

Dogs from the American breeding line (known as Doberman Pinschers) have gentler posture - they are giant Pinschers.

According to the breed standard, Dobermanns are dogs of medium size, strong and well-built, although their silhouette appears noble and elegant. The frame of male dogs is square-like, with a lean, muscular neck.


Sexual dimorphism should be evident. The male dogs are also noticeably larger. The Dobermann’s head is dry, without any loose skin, the eyes are almond-shaped with dark irises and a vigorous expression. Their noses match their overall colouring. They have strong jaws and a full muzzle. Dobermanns’ forechest should be well-developed. They have a free, agile and elastic gait, their forelegs reach out as far as possible, while the hind limbs provide flexible and efficient drive.


The Dobermann’s gait should be reminiscent of the way purebred carriage horses move. Their coat is short, dense and close lying, without an undercoat. Due to their delicate skin, these dogs can easily get cold in colder climates. Their hair does not require a lot of grooming, however, brushing from time to time can be helpful. Dobermanns are a smooth-haired breed, so a long shedding period is typical for them.


The most common colour of Dobermanns is black and tan. However, in Poland, brown and tan dogs are equally popular. Albino, blue and fawn colours are not allowed.

Dobermanns have a strong, balanced personality, they are very family oriented and make great companions. They are able to stay calm, despite their temperament and agility. These dogs are devoted to the family members and do very well with children. Affectionate and caring, they require close contact with humans, as well as training, in order to control their emotions. Full of temperament and energy, they need a lot of exercise. For puppies, early and extensive socialisation is a must.